Windows 10 can detect and attempt to repair errors on your hard drive. But sometimes it is also necessary to force this operation, and it can be done with Check Disk or Chkdsk of its name in the Command Prompt. Here is a guide to using the Check Disk tool that comes with all versions of Windows.
The Check Disk utility can save your hard drive or SSD and it is advised to use it as soon as your system behaves strangely. Sometimes even if it seems that the problem is not your Hard disk. The program chkdsk can fully scan your hard drive for bad sectors. Two cases then arise: either chkdsk can to fix the failed sector, or it cannot.
In this second case, it marks the sector in question so that the system no longer tries to use it. Beforehand, you can perform a faster scan which aims to find logical errors in the file system. Such an analysis can solve many problems in itself. It is recommended that you run the utility regularly to prevent these errors from damaging your data.
If the errors multiply, it is because your disk or SSD is reaching the end of its life, it must then be changed. If you opt for hard drive, check out this list of the most trusted brands !
How to repair hard drive with Chkdsk in Windows 10
We will see two methods to launch this utility: via File Explorer, since as you will see, the utility is completely integrated into the system, and via Command Prompt, when you want to force it to start with certain parameters. .
From File Explorer
- Right click on the menu Start then click on File Explorer
- Go to This PC in the left column
- Then go to the tab Tools
- Click on Check to check for errors and follow the instructions
In some cases Windows 10 may tell you that the utility did not find any errors before launching, but you can still click Check the disc.
From Command Prompt
Launching the utility from the command prompt allows you to access more detailed options, and allows, among other things, to perform a more in-depth analysis, which will require a restart of your computer in order to be able to repair the errors encountered. We will go directly to the most in-depth and efficient mode to try to repair the damaged sectors.
- Start typing Command Prompt in the menu Start, right click on the first result then Execute as administrator
- Type chkdsk / rc: as in the screenshot below and validate by typing O then on Enter
Your disk will be checked the next time you reboot, when you choose to reboot it. Expect a longer boot than usual. Windows 10 scans the disk for bad sectors and recovers readable information. If you want to override this check before rebooting, go back to a Command Prompt in administrator mode and enter chkdsk / xc:. If you liked this tutorial, you will probably like this one: how to fix all your Windows boot problems.