Get rid of the dust that accumulates in your computer
What there is to know
- What you need: Canned air or an electric fan, a dust mask, a screwdriver and a vacuum cleaner.
- Before you begin, turn off your computer.
- Accumulated dust can cause excessive heat, poor performance, and even damage to components; clean yours once or twice a year.
This article covers the step-by-step process to properly clean a computer’s interior and its components.
What to do before cleaning
Before you open your PC and start cleaning it, it’s important to understand what you’re doing. Cleaning a PC is basically just dusting, but you can’t dust a PC like you can your furniture or blinds.
The safest way to dust off a PC is to use compressed air or an electronic fan which is basically a hand held vacuum cleaner motor that works in reverse. The basic idea is to dust off all internal components to prevent overheating.
The best place to clean a PC is a place with good ventilation, as you will be raising a lot of dust. You can consider wearing a dust mask to protect yourself, and having a vacuum on hand to suck up dust as soon as it is suspended in the air.
Here’s what you’ll need to get the job done:
- Canned air or an electric blower
- Anti dust mask
Optional tools include:
- Screwdriver if your PC requires it
- Dedusting gel
- Cotton pads with rubbing alcohol (only for case and vents, not for electronics)
The basic idea is to dust the components while grabbing them with a vacuum cleaner if possible, and to use other items like a dust cloth or dusting gel in difficult places where the canned air does not. not the deal.
Your PC will be set up somewhat differently from our example, but the general principles are the same as for the apple. Work from top to bottom, dusting everything off, and pay special attention to heat sinks and fans. The more dust you can remove, the better.
Here’s how to clean your PC:
- Unplug your PC, remove all peripherals, and find a good workspace. Use a well-ventilated area or have a good vacuum on hand to pick up dust as you go.
Suction consists of sucking up dust as it goes. Do not use the vacuum cleaner directly on the internal components of the PC. Even if the vacuum cleaner is near internal components, it may be damaged by static electricity.
- Remove the side panel of your PC to access internal components. You may need to remove a few pan head screws, some screws may require a screwdriver, or your case may have another method of attachment.
- Using compressed air or an electronic blower, start blowing the components. Work from top to bottom to avoid having to clean the components again when dust settles. Here we start by blowing on a fan located near the top of the case.
- When cleaning computer fans, blow back and forth to remove as much dust as possible.
- In some cases, such as when a filter is included, it is easier to vacuum the vents from the outside and pick up stubborn dirt or grits with a gel cleaner.
- Blow out the dust and go through the external ports, starting at the top.
- Clean the external peripheral connectors. If necessary, use cleaning gel, a cloth or cotton swabs.
- Blow dust off the power supply. In this case, the power supply is located at the bottom of the housing. Yours may be at the top, in which case you will start with yours and work your way down.
- If you have an air cooler for your CPU, locate it and remove the fan (s).
- Blow the dust off the cooling fins in both directions.
- Clean the dust from the CPU fan.
- Once the cooler and fan are both clean, they need to be reassembled. Make sure that you have not accidentally disconnected the fan from the mains.
- Starting at the top, blow dust off your peripheral boards and the motherboard behind them.
- Some cards, especially video cards, come with a wrap and may have things like heat sinks and fans. Do your best to blow your cards on both sides, out of any envelope, and out of any fan.
- Keep working, eliminating additional peripherals, motherboard and additional fans.
- Continue to work on your descent. In this case, the power supply is near the bottom. Once you’ve reached this point, you can blow and vacuum the bottom of the case.
- Blow out the individual drive bays, picking up dust with a vacuum if necessary.
- If your power supply has a filter, examine it to see if it is dirty.
- Blow out the dust filter from your power supply if necessary.
- Clean the dust from the air inlet of the power supply by blowing the internal fan, then vacuuming or using a cloth to remove the external dust.
- Reinstall the power supply fan filter.
- Make sure that you haven’t accidentally unplugged anything, that your wires and cables are routed safely, and replace your PC side panel.
What parts of a PC should you clean?
Cleaning the outside of your PC is a good idea, just for the sake of aesthetics, but to keep things running smoothly you will need to basically clean every internal component.
When you are done cleaning your PC, there should be as little dust as possible. Focus especially on fans and heat sinks, but don’t stop there. Cleaning a computer isn’t that difficult, especially when compared to cleaning a laptop, but you have to be methodical in the process.
When is it time to clean your PC again?
If your computer starts to run faster than normal, it’s usually a good sign that you have too much dust. The exact interval differs from situation to situation, as factors such as the amount of dust in your home or office, the type of flooring, and whether or not you have pets all come into play. Game.
In general, you should plan to clean your PC once or twice a year. If you find that there isn’t much buildup after six months, then you can probably use a one-year interval.